type: string, default: major

Technique for optimizing the layout.

  • For neato, if mode="major", neato uses stress majorization.
  • If mode="KK", neato uses a version of the gradient descent method. KK is sometimes appreciably faster for small (number of nodes < 100) graphs. A significant disadvantage is that KK may cycle.
  • If mode="sgd", neato uses a version of the stochastic gradient descent method. sgd’s advantage is faster and more reliable convergence than both the previous methods, while sgd’s disadvantage is that it runs in a fixed number of iterations and may require larger values of maxiter in some graphs.

There are two experimental modes in neato:

  • mode="hier", which adds a top-down directionality similar to the layout used in dot, and
  • mode="ipsep", which allows the graph to specify minimum vertical and horizontal distances between nodes. (See the sep attribute.)

For sfdp, the default is mode="spring", which corresponds to using a spring-electrical model. Setting mode="maxent" causes a similar model to be run but one that also takes into account edge lengths specified by the len attribute.

Valid on:
  • Graphs
Note: neato only
Last modified June 14, 2021 : Introduce per-attribute pages (81b00f5)